Название (Русский) Судебное разбирательство
Описание (Русский)
Название (Английский) Trial
Описание (Английский) A trial is a process conducted in a Court before a Judge and (usually) a Jury in which the participants meet in order to decide a Case. The Prosecution attempts to prove that the Defendant is guilty of the Charges and the Defense tries to prove that the Defendant is innocent. Trials have a rich schematic structure which is only partially represented here. The Trial frame is the part of the Criminal Process frame that occurs after a crime, Arrest of a suspect, Arraignment, jury selection, etc. and before Sentencing and punishment or release. The Trial is made up of court appearances. The beginning of the Trial generally involves opening arguments, in which the Prosecution and the Defense present their respective points of view. Then during the course of the Trial, both sides present evidence, some of which is provided by witnesses with testimony, and this is then drawn upon as support for their arguments. Following the presentation of evidence, testimony, and arguments, generally culminating in closing arguments for each side, the Jury (if present) deliberates and either comes to no sufficient consensus or produces a Verdict.
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Роль Описание (Русский) Описание (Английский) Обязательная роль Концептлар
Judge : Судья The official who directs and presides over the Trial.
Case : Дело The Case which a Trial is convened to decide.
Charges : Обвинения The legal label for the crime that the Defendant is accused of.
Court : Суд The specific room where the participants in a Trial meet.
Defendant : Ответчик The person charged with an offence.
Defense : Защита The individual or group which is responsible for promoting the welfare of the Defendant during a Trial, usually involving the contention that the Defendant is innocent of the Charges.
Jury : Жюри The group of individuals who observe the Trial and ultimately attempt to come to a verdict.
Prosecution : Обвинение The individual or group responsible for promoting the interests of the state in the Trial, prototypically including presenting arguments for the guilt of the Defendant.
Manner : Манера The way in which the Trial is conducted.
Place : Место This FE identifies the Place where the trial occurs.
Time : Время This FE identifies the Time when the trial occurs.