Фрейм


Название (Русский) Атака
Описание (Русский)
Название (Английский) Attack
Описание (Английский) An Assailant physically attacks a Victim (which is usually but not always sentient), causing or intending to cause the Victim physical damage. A Weapon used by the Assailant may also be mentioned, in addition to the usual Place, Time, Purpose, Explanation, etc. Sometimes a location is used metonymically to stand for the Assailant or the Victim, and in such cases the Place FE will be annotated on a second FE layer.
Идентификатор для разметки
Гипероним
Концепты действий assail : наступать, идти в наступление
attack : атаковать
bomb : бомбить, бомбардировать
torpedo : торпедировать
Роли в фреймах
Роль Описание (Русский) Описание (Английский) Обязательная роль Концепттер
Assailant : Нападающий The person (or other self-directed entity) that is attempting physical harm to the Victim.
Victim : Жертва This FE is the being or entity that is injured by the Assailant's attack.
Circumstances : Обстоятельства Circumstances describe the state of the world (at a particular time and place) which is specifically independent of the event itself and any of its participants.
Containing_event : Содержащее_событие This FE denotes an event that occurs or state of affairs that holds at a time that includes the time during which the event or state of affairs reported by the target occurs and of which it is taken to be a part.
Depictive : Описание This FE is used for any Depictive phrase describing the state of the Assailant or Victim while the attack occurs.
Direction : Направление This FE is used for expressions that indicate motion along a line from the deitic center towards a reference point (which may be implicit) that is neither the goal of motion nor a landmark along the way.
Duration : Длительность The amount of time that the attack lasts.
Event_description : Описание_события In general, this FE is used for phrases that describe the clause of the target as a whole. There are two somewhat distinct subgroups of sentence modifiers that cover this function.
Explanation : Объяснение A state of affairs that the Assailant is responding to that leads them to make an assault on the Victim.
Frequency : Частота The number (or description of the number) of times an attack takes place over a period of time.
Iterations : Итерации The frame element Iterations is used for expressions that indicate the number of times an event or state (of the kind denoted by the target in its clause) has taken place or held. Form: once, twice, Cardinal expression + /it times, /it lots/a lot
Manner : Манера Any description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Assailant that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Means : Средство An intentional action performed by the Assailant that accomplishes the assault.
Particular_iteration : Конкретная_итерация Expressions marked with this extra-thematic FE modify a non-iterative use of the target, and indicate that it is conceived as embedded within an iterated series of similar events or states. In addition, most expressions of Particular_iteration indicate which instance of the series is being referred to.
Purpose : Цель This FE identifies the purpose for which an Assailant attacks the Victim.
Re-encoding : Перекодирование This FE presents the current frame as an integral part of a larger conceptualization expressed by another frame. The frame expressed by the target typically corresponds to a Means action within the frame expressed by the Re-encoding, but not necessarily.
Result : Результат The Result of the attack on the Victim by the Assailant.
Source : Источник The starting-point of the motion of the Assailant or projectiles of the Assailant as they move toward the the Place that the Victim is occupying in the attack. In prepositional phrases, the prepositional object expresses the starting point of motion. With particles, the starting point of motion is understood from context.
Time : Время This FE identifies the time when the Assailant attacks the Victim.
Path : Путь The Path refers to (a part of) the ground over which the Assailant travels.
Weapon : Оружие An entity used by the Assailant to cause damage to the Victim.
Place : Место This FE identifies the place where the Assailant makes an assault on the Victim.