Название (Русский) Смежность
Описание (Русский)
Название (Английский) Adjacency
Описание (Английский) A Figure is located adjacent to a Ground. This is equivalent to the Figure and Ground either constituting or being associated with a zone, with each zone in contact with the zone of the other.
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Концепты действий
Роли в фреймах
Роль Описание (Русский) Описание (Английский) Обязательная роль Концепттер
Figure : Форма The Figure is perceived as located relative to a certain Ground location. The figure can be an entity or an event.
Ground : Земля The Ground serves as a basis for describing the location of the Figure.
Figures : Цифры The Figures are items which mutually serve to identify the location of the other items.
Accessibility : Доступность An indication of how accessible the Figure is to some participant in the speech context (either the speaker or the addressee, or some other highly salient viewpoint in a narrative). This FE normally describes availability for manipulation and use, but may simply describe how easily seen or difficult to see the Figure is. There is a closed class of items that can fill this slot, including only 'just' and 'right' indicating ease of access, and 'way', 'all the way', or (dialectally) 'clear' indicating distance and difficulty of access.
Deixis : Дейксис An indication of how the locative phrase relates to the grounding of the speech situation, either locating it near (here) or far (there, yonder), or specifically separated from the speech context by distance or a barrier (over). Fillers of this FE are restricted to this closed class of items.
Direction : Направление This FE identifies the Direction from a reference location (generally, the deictic center) of a path to the Figure. This FE is filled by one of a closed class of adverbs: up, down, out (meaning 'beyond the boundary around the viewpoint'), off (meaning 'disconnect between landmark and figure'), back (meaning 'along a line from front to back of landmark, and relatively inaccessible'), and, more rarely, away, along, and dialectally, back down (meaning 'down and behind').
Directness : Прямота An indication of how closely the position of Figure matches the prototype expected from the image schema associated with the target. This FE is normally filled by closed-class, dedicated adverbs like right, straight, directly, and due (and some combinations of these), but also occurs with rarer items like 'smack dab'.
Distance : Расстояние This FE identifies the Distance between the Figure and the Ground. This FE requires an image schema with a vector that extends from the Ground, or a subpart of the Ground, in some direction, and the Distance is measured along this vector from the Ground to the profiled region.
Time : Время The period of time during which the locative relation between Figure and Ground obtains.